Jesus drank alcohol (Matthew 15:11; Luke 7:33-35) and approved of its moderate consumption (Matthew 15:11). St. Paul considered alcohol to be a creation of God and inherently good (1 Timothy 4:4). The early Church declared that alcohol was an inherently good gift of God to be used and enjoyed. While individuals might choose not to drink, to despise alcohol was heresy. It was largely the monasteries that maintained the knowledge and skills during the Middle Ages necessary to produce quality alcohol beverages.